Smart Agriculture in Taiwan
Besides limited arable farmland area, in recent years Taiwan’s agriculture is facing challenges brought by structural and environmental changes of the industry, namely aging agricultural population, labor shortages, global competition, and climate change. Taiwan’s agriculture, which is composed mainly by small-scale farmers, must confront challenges in sustainable development. From 2017 to 2022, the Council of Agriculture (COA) implements the Smart Agriculture Program with two main strategies: Smart Production and Digital Service, which seek to systematically link up agricultural production, marketing, and consumer market. Furthermore, by introducing sensors, smart devices, Internet of Things (IoT) and big data analysis, it is possible to achieve digital knowledge, smart production, optimized products, convenient operation, and cloud tracing, which facilitate the establishment of smart agricultural production and marketing, as well as digital service system. The goal is to provide much needed assistance to small-scale farmers in their struggle while elevating overall production efficiency and productivity through smart production and smart management.